뉴욕 서쪽 Bronx의 한 파티 'back to school jam'에서 시작된 움직임이 전세계 문화를 뒤덮었다. 특별한 것 없는 파티가 세상을 변화시킨 이야기.
"이 첫번째 힙합 파티가 세상을 변화시켰다" - by Kool Herc, DJ
"힙합의 시작은 정치적인 움직임이 아니었다. 도시의 에스닉 이웃들과 스러져 가는 세간살이와 빈약한 일자리 그리고 가난한 흑인과 히스페닉 집단이 모여사는 그 도시에서 시간을 보내기 위한 놀이이자 여흥이었던 것이다." - by Jeff Chang, the Journalist
The original invitation on 11 Aug 1973
Island Life: The Swingaling mobile record shack, Jamaica
It is 40 years since a ‘back to school jam' in New York’s west Bronx kickstarted a movement and spawned a whole culture. BBC Culture’s Rebecca Laurence looks back on a party that changed the world.
On a hot August night in 1973, Clive Campbell, known as DJ Kool Herc, and his sister Cindy put on a ‘back to school jam’ in the recreation room of their apartment block at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue in the west Bronx. Entrance cost 25c for ‘ladies’ and 50c for ‘fellas’.
The party wasn’t special for its size – the rec room could only hold a few hundred people. Its venue and location weren’t particularly auspicious. Yet it marked a turning point – a spark which would ignite an international movement that is still with us today. As Kool Herc said in a recent statement: “This first hip-hop party would change the world.”
The legend is a simple one – but the factors leading to the creation of a hip hop culture were a fusion of social, musical and political influences as diverse and complex as the sound itself.
In his award-winning book, Can’t Stop Won’t Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation, the journalist and academic Jeff Chang locates the foundations of hip hop in the social policies of ‘urban renewal’ pioneered by Robert Moses and the ‘benign neglect’ of Nixon’s administration. The building of New York’s Cross Bronx Expressway razed through many of the city’s ethnic neighbourhoods, destroying homes and jobs and displacing poor black and Hispanic communities in veritable wastelands like east Brooklyn and the South Bronx, while the government turned a blind eye to those affected.
“Hip hop did not start as a political movement,” Chang tells BBC Culture. “There was no manifesto. The kids who started it were simply trying to find ways to pass the time, they were trying to have fun. But they grew up under the politics of abandonment and because of this, their pastimes contained the seeds for a kind of mass cultural renewal."...