From the September 2011 issue of National Geographic Traveler magazine.
1. Edinburgh, Scotland
책이라는 것이 여행의 주제가 된다면 실제로 여행자들은 의무적으로 에딘버러로 향한다. 이 분위기 있는 도시는 500권 이상의 소설에 영감을 주었고 열열하게 아직도 그러한 전통적 분위기가 살아 있어 18세기 음유 시인 Robert Bruns 때 부터 lan Rankin이나 Alexander McCall Smith와 같은 현대 작가에게까지 이어지고 있다. Rankin의 Inspector Rebus 시리즈나 Irvine Welsh의 Trainspotting에 분명히 나타난 술집 순례, 도보여행 간단한 소풍까지 언제든 가능하다.
시간이 별로 없다면 얇은 돌 길로 연결된 17세기 건물에 있는 Writers' Museum으로 바로 방향을 전환하면 된다. 최고 문예 트리오인 Burns, Sir Walter Scott, 그리고 Robert Louis Stevenson에게 헌정된 전시품들이 있다. 에딘버러나 그 외 지역에서 경험할 수 있는 것들에게 대해서 궁금하다면 VisitScotland.com에서 '문학 도시 스코틀랜드 여행 가이드'를 찾아보면 된다.
2. Dublin, Ireland
이 아일랜드 수도에서는 쓰여진 글은 기네스 파인트만큼이나 세상에 알려진다. Join the revelry on the Dublin Literary Pub Crawl as spirited actor-guides serve up entertaining facts in taverns where James Joyce and other scribes sought sustenance and found inspiration. Follow famed Joycean character Leopold Bloom through the city with VisitDublin.com’s “In the Steps of Ulysses” self-guided tour (audio or print).
The Dublin Writers Museum celebrates the spectrum of the country’s literary heritage, beginning with its roots in Irish poetry and Celtic storytelling. The Abbey Theatre, founded by poet W.B. Yeats in 1903, is still going strong with productions by classic and contemporary playwrights. Don’t leave town without being dazzled by the Book of Kells, an illuminated manuscript from the Middle Ages housed in the Old Library at Trinity College.
3. London, England
Listing London’s literary-related sites and pastimes could fill a book even lengthier than Harry Potter’s seven wizardly adventures combined. For starters, get out and about on one of London Walks’ lively jaunts. More than a hundred are offered every week, among them Shakespeare’s and Dickens’ London and the Literary London Pub Walk. Be sure to get an up-close look at the Bard’s First Folio at the British Library, unusual in that its literary gems are on display and not tucked away in a vault.
For Sherlock Holmes fans, VisitLondon.com has an itinerary for following in the sleuth’s footsteps. If your style is more suave James Bond, stop by Dukes Bar, where the martinis inspired Ian Fleming to make it 007’s signature drink. Before strolling the city’s streets, download the Get London Reading app, or check out the interactive map version, featuring more than 400 books associated with specific locales around town.
4. Paris, France
Pucker up and leave a lipstick print on Oscar Wilde’s tomb in Père-Lachaise Cemetery. The Irish playwright, whose grave is a magnet for zealous mourners, was one of many expatriate writers who sought inspiration and joie de vivre in the City of Light. Would-be Hemingways can polish up their own masterpieces at a sidewalk table at Les Deux Magots, a St. Germain café he frequented, or explore the literary side of the Latin Quarter, his onetime home, with Paris Walks.
French writers, though, have pride of place here with house-museums devoted to Victor Hugo and Honoré de Balzac. Bibliophiles will feel right at home at the hotel Le Pavillon des Lettres, where each of the 26 rooms is dedicated to a letter of the alphabet and represents a famous writer.
5. St. Petersburg, Russia
This vibrant baroque- and neoclassical-style city in western Russia has a dark side to its literary history. Trace the route of Crime and Punishment’s murderous Raskolnikov from his abode to the unlucky pawnbroker’s storefront with Peter’s Walking Tours (by private booking; there’s a forum for finding fellow travelers to split the cost). Visit the residence of the epic’s author, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, where he spent his final years and penned The Brothers Karamazov.
The Aleksandr Pushkin Memorial Apartment Museum marks the spot where the 37-year-old author died in the study and plunged the country into mourning. Like an unfortunate character in his most famous work, Eugene Onegin, Pushkin was fatally wounded during a duel. At the nearby Literary Café, he dined for the last time before meeting his tragic end.
6. Stockholm, Sweden
Inventor Albert Nobel put Stockholm on the international literary map a century ago with the Nobel Prizes, which laud the achievements of writers along with those of scientists and peace activists. Head to City Hall, site of the annual December awards banquet and an iconic landmark in its own right. In the on-site restaurant Stadshuskällaren, savor the cuisine served at the most recent Nobel dinner.
For a not-so-highbrow thrill, take the Stockholm City Museum’s guided Millennium Tour to see places depicted in Stieg Larsson’s bestselling crime novel The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo and its two sequels. Before tattooed computer hacker Lisbeth Salander turned up, spirited children’s book character Pippi Longstocking was Sweden’s most famous fictional lass. A statue in Tegnérlunden park honors her creator, Astrid Lindgren.
7. Portland, Oregon
If it weren’t for a color-coded map, customers might get lost among the stacks at Powell’s City of Books. Spanning an entire city block, it’s the largest new-and-used bookstore in the world and stocks more than a million volumes.
Nearby Heathman Hotel’s “Books by Your Bedside” package includes a personal tour of the lodging place’s 4,000-volume library, made up entirely of signed books by author guests (other package perks are a hardcover tome, a travel reading light, overnight lending privileges, and a donation to a children’s literacy organization).
For more literary immersion, see what’s scheduled at the renowned Portland Arts and Lectures series (September through May). A Portland tradition, it’s one of the biggest lecture events in the country and draws heavyweight headliners like Annie Proulx and Sebastian Junger.
8. Washington, D.C.
1800년 건립되었고 지금까지도 세계 최대 도서관인 미국의회도서관에서 이 수도의 책에 관해 열정적인 부분을 먼저 이야기 해 보자. 무료 가이드 투어로 이 웅장한 건물 안의 서적과 건축적인 놀라움을 확인 할 수 있다. 스테인글라스와 대리석 그리고 벽화로 꾸며진 로 꾸며진 본관 독서실을 볼 수 있다.
시 연구 재단이 제공하는 무료 오디오 도보 투어로 워싱턴 도시에서 영감을 받았던 문학작품 Walt Witman, Langston Hughes, 그 외 작품들에 관련된 장소에 간다. 독립 서점 Politics and Prose에서는 그룹 책 토론 하는 곳에 있거나 간헐적으로 열리는 작가 이벤트에도 참여할 수 있다. 크레이머북스(Kramerbooks)서점에 딸려있는 카페 Afterwords Café and Grill는 금, 토요일에는 24시간 동안 열려있다. The Camel Club이나 David Baldacci's D.C의 스릴러 물 중 하나를 잠자리에서 읽을 책으로 골라보자.
9. Melbourne, Australia
Founded as a frontier outpost in 1835, Melbourne flourished during a gold rush and has since blossomed into Australia’s cultural capital. Check out the State Library of Victoria, constructed in the mid-1800s and declared by its founding president to be free to everyone over age 14 “if only his hands are clean.” View exhibits in three different galleries, attend a talk at the Wheeler Centre in the south wing, and marvel at the domed, octagon-shaped La Trobe Reading Room adorned with quotes by famous writers.
Explore “Melbourne by the Book” on a walking excursion with Hidden Secrets and browse at the sizeable weekly book market on Saturdays in Fed Square. When you need a respite, Narrelle M. Harris, author of the Melbourne Literary app, recommends the Drunken Poet, where portraits of Oscar Wilde and other scribes line the walls.
10. Santiago, Chile
Revered “people’s poet” Pablo Neruda, best known for his romantic verse, secretly rendezvoused with his mistress and muse at his home, called La Chascona. The bright blue-and-yellow domicile is located in the hilltop Bellavista neighborhood, which can be explored with La Bicicleta Verde tours. Chile honors another Nobel Prize–winning bard, Gabriela Mistral, with an elaborate mural in Cerro Santa Lucia park—and with her visage on the 5,000 peso note.
The exorbitant cost of new books in Chile has resulted in a robust market for secondhand publications. Peruse the offerings at the weekend market on Lastarria Street near the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, or visit the numerous merchants in the small shopping center near the intersection of Providencia Avenue and Miguel Claro Street. Java-seeking bibliophiles should head to one of several branches of the library Café Literario, including an outpost in Balmaceda Park that has 30,000 books.